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阅读能力培养

日期 2018-11-15
点击次数 358

零基础照样和孩子畅读英文书


阅读能力培养


Reading is important. In fact, educational research consistently shows a strong correlation between reading and proficiency and academic success at all levels of education- from elementary school through university. Reading is also beneficial for adults as a committed reader continues to grow brain synapses that naturally disappear as we age。

阅读非常重要。实际上,研究表明,从小学到大学,孩子的阅读水平和学术成就紧密相关。坚持阅读,还可以帮助成年人持续长出正在自然消失的神经元。

While the advantages of reading are widely known, many parents struggle with the logistics. Common questions include, “The books that my child can ready by himself are boring!” and “How can I find books that will interest my child?”

虽然阅读好处广为人知,许多家长[微博]却往往纠结于一些孩子阅读的问题,如“孩子可以读得懂的书,他却不爱读!”“有意思的书他又读不懂!我应该如何找到孩子能读又爱读的书呢?”

In reality, there are two kinds of books. This applies to the vast majority of languages, including Chinese and English. These types fall under two categories: “Books My Child Can Read” and “Books I Can Read to My Child”. Both are equally as important and have many cognitive benefits。

实际上,孩子需要读两种书。这广泛适用于中文和英文书籍:“孩子自己可以读的书”和“我可以读给孩子的书”。这两类书对孩子来说都非常重要,合理计划阅读,会让孩子受益匪浅。

Books My Child Can Read

【孩子自己可以读的书】

In English, early readers begin with decodable readers. These books practice important phonics and reading skills. Parents and students alike tend to complain that these books are boring. This is because the content is as limited as the child’s reading skills. This also applies to Chinese, as book’s content is limited to the number of characters a child has learned. While they may not be the most interesting, these books reinforce reading skills and play a huge role in early literacy。

英文阅读中,初级阅读的孩子从自然拼读书籍开始。这些书籍帮助孩子掌握重要的自然拼读和阅读技巧。但是家长和孩子往往抱怨这些书很无聊。这是因为这些书的内容由于孩子的有限阅读水平被限制了。这也同样适用于内容被孩子掌握的汉字数量限制的中文书籍。虽然这些书不会是最有意思的,但是这些书籍对刚开始读英文书的小朋友非常重要,因为它们能有效帮助孩子巩固阅读技能。

(Decodable Book,即自然拼读书籍着重在帮助孩子学习自然拼读,所以通常会用一系列有着相似发音规律的简单的单词组成故事。有时候,decodable book会利用自然拼读法编造单词)

【如何激励孩子阅读自然拼读书籍?】

A good way to encourage your child to read these beginning level books is to set up a reward system. This is how it works- for every book your child reads, they get one step closer to the prize. When they have read the allotted number of books, they get a reward. Make this a family affair by working with your child to choose the number of books they must read and the prize they get at the end. To be sure that your child has actually read and understood each book, have a brief discussion or assign a fun homework task. Some great homework tasks include drawing a picture about the book, retelling the story, or writing an alternate ending。

一个好的方式鼓励孩子阅读这些入门级别的书籍就是为孩子建立激励体系- 孩子每读完一本书,都离奖励更近一步。把激励的过程变成家庭事件,让孩子自己选择必须完成阅读书籍的数量和最后他们可以得到的奖励。为了确保孩子读了并且读懂每一本书,家长可以为孩子设计简短的阅读讨论,或者有趣的读书作业,比如根据书的内容画画,复述故事,或者写出一个不一样的结尾。

Books I Can Read to My Child

【我可以读给孩子的书】

In The United States, read aloud is an element present in each school day, with the teacher reading to the students in large or small groups. Read aloud is also an important part of family life, with most American families having a bedtime routine that includes reading a story to their child。

在美国,老师大声读书给学生听是每天学校学习的必有内容。大声读书也是家庭学习的必备内容,很多美国家庭都会在睡前时光,为孩子读故事(小编想到了小时候总是缠着麻麻讲故事“妈妈讲故故,妈妈讲故事……!”的美好时光)

Reading aloud isn’t just for pre-readers. Read aloud is a special time between child and adult that builds memory, vocabulary, motivation, and curiosity. For younger children, adults can choose a picture book that illustrates the meaning of the words they are reading. Elementary school aged children enjoy being read a chapter from a longer book before bed every night. Incorporating reading into a nightly bedtime routine is a perfect way for busy parents and children to spend quality time together。

大声读书不只是针对还不能自主阅读的孩子。一起大声读书是家长和孩子可以一起锻炼记忆力、增加词汇量、提升学习动力和产生好奇的特殊而珍贵的时刻。对于低龄孩子,父母可以选择绘本阅读,孩子可以借助图片理解文字的意思。上小学的孩子更喜欢在睡前阅读文字量大一点的书。睡前阅读是忙碌了一天的家长和孩子一起度过有质量的亲子时光的好方式。

To make read aloud more interesting,choose a book with multiple characters and act it out like a play! Adding voices and even costumes makes the experience exciting and new. Reader’s theatre activities have the additional advantage of growing imagination, encouraging creativity, and practicing cooperation. Act out/read a story in front of the whole family to practice performance and public speaking skills as well。

为了让大声读故事更有趣,可以选择一本角色丰富的书,并且把书中的内容以短剧的形式表演出来。表演中加入自己的台词或者道具都会让表演更加有趣和令人兴奋。书中的剧情表演还可以锻炼孩子的想象力、激发创造力并且培养合作能力。在全家人面前表演还可以的锻炼孩子的表演和公众演说能力。

Books

书籍推荐


阅读能力培养



The Giving Tree

《爱心树》 关于一个男孩儿、一棵树和爱的故事


阅读能力培养


Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs

《天降美食》

如果美食像雨一样从天上落下来,那是不是很不可思议呢?


阅读能力培养


Frog and Toad Are Friends《青蛙和蟾蜍是好朋友》

青蛙和蟾蜍永远在对方需要的时候出现,就像好朋友一样。


阅读能力培养



Where the Wild Things Are《野兽国》

在书中,小男孩儿Max到了一个有着野兽的国度,并且自己做了国王。


阅读能力培养



Alexander and the Terrible Horrible No Good Very Bad Day

《亚历山大和倒霉、烦人、一点都不好、糟糕透顶的一天》

小男孩儿亚历山大一天光遇到倒霉事儿。内容配上冷冷的黑色线条画,仿佛蕴涵着随时爆发的力量,让故事凸显不一般的张力,引起孩子们强烈的共鸣。最后妈妈冷静客观的安慰,也是一种直面现实的力量,让孩子了解自己的情绪,学会与真正的生活和解。




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